There has been evolution in oil production technology today compared to how it was in the past as you will learn more here. Considering the value of oil to our lives, it is suitable to review the changes that have followed its discovery. The ancient people in Mesopotamia used a hardened substance called bitumen to construct sailing vessels and put jewelry pieces together. In Egypt, it was used to solidify the famous pyramids. These minerals which oozed to the surface freely requiring no extraction equipment led to the discovery of oil.
The first method used to extract oil was by digging up the soil to reach the oil. At the time, oil was used as medicine and the Chinese also lit their lamps as well as warm their houses using this product. Little information about oil existence was available at the time as you have seen in this site.
The next advancement in technology came in form of spring poles. The device as you discover more here, was attached to a tree which provided the required resistance to reach greater depth, was used by the Ruffner brothers to enhance salt extraction. Oil was still not the primary goal but the people believed it could serve several purposes. With the introduction of steam to power ,the spring pole salt extraction proceeded at higher rates. A Yale chemist Benjamin Silliman discovered more about how oil could be converted into kerosene that is used for lighting lamps. Following this information, people saw the importance of oil and processes to extract it began.
As you learn more about how the demand for oil surged in this website. The number of oil deposits discovered in the earth increased. During the drilling process there were sediments that obstructed extraction of oil and the need for better machinery came up. Consequently, a method called rotary drilling emerged whose head could move past the hard sediment with great ease. One event that marked how effectiveness of the rotary drill in the process of oil extraction was observed in Texas when a rig struck a rock resulting into a lot of oil flowing to the surface. With the world war 1 coming around, the demand for oil rose, leading to increased competition which resulted in greater development of oil tools. The greatest achievement for the rotary drill was the ability to reach greater depths that the spring pole wouldn’t.
Today, the most common method of extracting oil is the rotary rig. Even though the rotary rigs are still in use, they have been modified to today’s technology. From what you have read in this website, you can see that the rigs can do more work than they did in the past. An instance, is the ability of a rig to move on its own as well to extract oil from a number of fields.